Hyperpigmentation is a word used for expressing all the dark and inflamed parts of your skin. Excess of melanin (a chemical i.e. produced by melanocyte cells that determines the color of skin) can lead to hyperpigmentation. The causes that trigger hyperpigmentation can be imbalanced hormone levels, delayed exposure to sunlight, too much skin pigment, acne prescriptive products like benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, and obviously acne itself.
Bit sized pigmentation on the skin is a good sign. But over production of this pigmentation is not as good as that. Although the change of color of the skin is not a life threatening disease, but if it goes severe, it’s a kind of troublesome for most of the sufferers because it results in an uneven skin tone and makes sufferers more self-conscious.
How to treat hyperpigmentation
As said earlier melanin provides color to the skin and over production of melanin results in hyperpigmentation. So you have to control that over production to reduce hyperpigmentation.
1. Don’t expose yourself to the sunlight all day long. Try to be indoors as long as you cann because ultraviolet rays from the sunlight triggers melanin production within your skin. And if you prefer to go outside anyway then you should apply a good sunscreen over your skin.
2. Try to wear outfits that cover most of your body parts including neck, arms, and your full legs as well to reduce their exposure to the sun.
3. Vitamins A, C and E are found to be very effective in reducing melanin production. Retin-A (a form of Vitamin A) is largely used in the exfoliation of dead skin cells which are pigmented, and it helps in promoting fresh new cells to grow. Vitamin C can be used topically to restrict melanin production. Vitamin E cannot directly reduce melanin however; it may provide considerable improvement in the hyperpigmentation caused by melanin.
4. Topically applying Rosehip oil, aloe Vera gel, paste or slice of cucumber, and lemon juice can be effective in lightening the dark areas on your skin.
5. If your skin is dark and you’re also resistant to the (OTC) therapies then you can consider making use of chemical peels with topical treatments to heal hyperpigmentation.
6. You can make a combination of some over the counter (OTC) products that contain niacinamide or soy which are the active ingredients found to be very helpful in brightening the skin.
7. Microdermabrasion treatment and hydroquinone therapy are some other good options for the people suffering from hyperpigmentation. However you should make sure that you’re going to a reputable salon and you should always prefer an experienced practitioner for doing these treatments. Inexperienced therapists can make your skin even worse.
These are a few most prominent remedies that you can follow to get rid of hyperpigmentation from your skin. They have been found very effective and are most popular amongst sufferers like you. However, hyperpigmentation takes time to fade away from your skin, so you have to be very patient and motivated for getting rid of this problem.